In general, a good level in English is more important than Italian proficiency, although this may vary depending on the industrial sector in which you are prospecting and the type of work you are looking for. Despite this, many Italians speak only a very rough English, it is for this reason that it is always advantageous to know a little Italian.
Requirements to work in Italy
Residence permit for European citizens
European citizens are not subject to any restrictions on access to the Italian labor market. A citizen of a Member State of the European Union is automatically entitled to a work permit. After residing three months in the country, a residence permit must be obtained from the Foreign Office (Ufficio Stranieri) of the Police Headquarters (Questura).
To apply for a residence permit, you must show your passport or other identification document with a photo. Some extra documents may be requested depending on the length of your stay in Italy or the type of work you are looking for.
Individuals who wish to work in Italy as self-employed are likely to have to demonstrate that they seriously intend to set up a business in the country.
Employees applying for a residence permit must provide an employment certificate or equivalent declaration from their employer.
Both groups are granted residence permits for a period of up to five years and may be extended beyond the period of validity.
To work in Italy, citizens who do not come from a European Union country must apply for an entry visa, a residence permit and a work permit.
To enter Italy, you need a visa if you are not a citizen of a Member State of the European Union. However, citizens from a third country who already have a visa for a Schengen Member State do not need a special entry visa for Italy. The visa indicates the reason and length of stay in Italy. Since visas are issued for very specific reasons, there are several types.
This type of visa is issued for tourist purposes only and is valid for up to three months maximum.
This type of visa is issued for the exact duration of studies in Italy. If the studies last more than one year, a one-year visa will be issued in the first place. After expiry, this visa will be extended. In order to do this, the student must prove that he attends an Italian school or university.
This type of visa is issued for up to two years. To receive a work visa, the person must provide proof of employment established in his or her name and signed by the employer.
Visa for health reasons
The period of validity of this type of visa depends on the length of time the person intends to remain in Italy for treatment or therapy. To apply for a visa for health reasons, proof must be provided that the person is or is in the process of receiving treatment or therapy in Italy. Such evidence, provided by the State or by a certified private institute, must be authenticated by the Italian Embassy in the country of origin.
Visa for visiting a relative
This type of visa, granted for a period of up to three months, may be extended. The rule is that it should be granted only to first degree family members.
Visa for family gathering
An alien who has work in Italy and is legally resident in Italy, ie who has a residence permit and a work permit, can be reached by his or her family, spouse, minor children or parents If they are financially dependent. To apply for this visa, the person must provide proof of employment of at least two years, a certificate of residence and possess a job. Please note that it is also necessary to provide proof of the relationship between the applicant and the foreigner who works and lives in Italy.
After eight days of residence in Italy at the latest, a citizen who is not a citizen of a Member State of the European Union must apply for a residence permit in accordance with the reason stated on his / her visa. He may do so at the police station in the area where he resides in Italy.